Many people around the world think that the UAE‘s citizens are bedouins who still live in tents in the middle of the desert. Well, that isnt true. We live in a modern country, surrounded by advanced technology. The UAE is filled with luxurious shops, cars, and hotels, along with many skyscrapers and huge mansions.
This is our history:
- Pearling industry :
During the 19th and 20th centuries, the pearling industry developed successfully in the sea’s bordering the UAE. It was a source of income and employment for local people. After the first world war, an economic depression took place, along with the Japanese invention of cultured pearl, that caused the pearling industry to decay.
- Beginning of the oil era :
Oil was discovered in the 1950s, and was exported for the first time from Abu Dhabi in 1962. Then, as cash flow increased due to oil exports, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan began a huge construction program and built schools, houses, roads, and hospitals all over the city. As Dubai started exporting oil in 1969, Sheikh Rashed bin Saeed Al Maktoum used the oil revenues to improve the standard of living of his people.
The rulers of Abu Dhabi and Dubai decided to unite together, prepare a constitution to be written on December 2 1971, and then invite the rulers of the other 5 emirates to a meeting, giving them the opportunity to join. On December 2 1971, the emirates of Qatar and Bahrain were invited to join the union, but both turned down the invitation. Ras al Khaima joined in early 1972. After Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan’s death on november 2 2004, the UAE’s Supreme Council of rulers elected his eldest son, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, as president.